|3 Popular Thai Durian Varieties - Monthong, Chanee and Kanyao|
- Early maturity (103-105 days) - Chanee, Gradum-tong and Lueng
- Medium maturity (127-130 days) - Monthong. Gob, Kan Yau, and
- Late maturity (140-150 days) - Gumpan, Enak, Tong-yoi-chat.
Of all the cultivated durian areas in Thailand, Monthong comprises 41%, Chanee 33%, Kan Yau 5%, Gradum-tong 2% and the rest are minor varieties.
|Thai Durian Mon Thong variety - (Photo Credit DITP)|
This cultivar is very good for processing into preserved frozen pulps. It bears fruit after 8 years of planting. Its poor fruit characters include the coarse-texture flesh, the high fibre and the flesh exhibit non-uniform ripening. It is susceptible to Phytophthora.
|Thai durian - Cha Nee (Photo Credit DITP)|
"Cha Nee" means gibbon in Thai and belongs to the Luang cultivar group. This is an early variety which bears fruit 4-6 years after planting. The fruit is 2-4.5kg, oval to broad cylindrical, lobed and greyish brown. The peduncle is thick and moderately long, and the rind is brownish yellow, thin with blunt, large, widely spaced spines. Each locule has 3-4 arils. The bright yellow pulp is thick, fine textured, firm, creamy smooth, sweet and of excellent taste. The flesh exhibits uniform ripening. The inferior qualities include high flesh fibre, frequent physiological disorder, watery at full ripening stage, poor fruit setting and is susceptible to phytophthora and fruit borer.
Kan Yao or Kan Yau or Gaan Yaow
|Thai Durian - Kan Yao (Photo Credit DITP)|
Kra Dum Thong or Gradumtung
|Thai Durian - Kra Dum Thong (Photo Credit DITP)|
"Kra Dum Thong", "Gradumtung" or "Kradumtung" means golden button in Thai. This cultivar bears fruit 4-6 years after planting and is also an early season variety in Thailand., fruiting around March. The fruit is large 2-4kg oval and symmetrically or uniformly distinctly lobed. The rind is brownish-green, thin and bears short, sharp densely packed spines. The fruit peduncle is moderately long . There are 3-4 large, thick arils/locule with yellow flesh.
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Posted by บุญเลิศ แช่มล้วน on Monday, June 8, 2015